黄色直播

Complaint Process

IMPORTANT

The Act respecting the National student ombudsman was assented to in June 2022 and becomes effective on August 28, 2023. This Act revises the complaint process applicable to all school boards. On August 28, 2023, the 黄色直播 will follow the complaint process defined in this consultation document.

The National Student Ombudsman is responsible for applying the complaint and report processing procedure in Qu茅bec鈥檚 education system.

As part of this province-wide and standardized procedure, the National Student Ombudsman is assisted by Regional Student Ombudsmen throughout Qu茅bec. Together, they ensure that student and parent rights are upheld. As a result, they contribute to the continuous improvement of education system services.

Filing a complaint

Should the student or their parent be dissatisfied with the educational services they received, are receiving, should have received, or need, they can file a complaint based on a procedure that consists of a maximum of three steps:

Step 1 鈥 Person directly concerned or the person鈥檚 immediate superior

To file a complaint, the student or their parent must first approach the person directly concerned or that person鈥檚 superior.

The complaint may be verbal, but it is better if it is made in writing.

The person who receives the complaint has 10 working days to respond.

Step 2 鈥 Person responsible for processing complaints – Complaints Officer

If the student or their parent is still dissatisfied with how the complaint is being handled, or if the 10-day deadline has expired, they may then approach the Complaints Officer within the school board.

The complaint may be verbal, but it is better if it is made in writing.

The Complaints Officer has 15 working days to respond.

Lester B. Pearson School Board Complaints Officer
Andr茅anne Bertrand

Step 3 鈥 Regional Student Ombudsman

If the student or their parent is still dissatisfied with how the complaint is being handled, or if the 15-day deadline has expired, they may contact their Regional Student Ombudsman, who will help them draft their written complaint.

The student or their parent may choose the form of communication that best suits them among the following:

Regional Student Ombudsmen have 20 working days to examine the complaint and issue their conclusions. If they deem that the complaint is substantiated, they may make recommendations to the school board.

However, before the conclusions are sent, the National Student Ombudsman examines them. He or she has up to 5 working days to decide whether to examine the complaint in turn. If so, he or she has 10 working days to complete the examination and, if need be, to substitute his or her conclusions or recommendations for those of the Regional Student Ombudsman.

The Regional Student Ombudsman then informs the complainant and the school board about the conclusions and any recommendations.

The school board has 10 working days to inform the complainant and the Regional Student Ombudsman of whether it intends to follow up on the conclusions and recommendations made to it, or of its reasons if it has decided not to act on them.

Note that in the case of sexual violence, the student or one of their parents may approach the Regional Student Ombudsman directly.
202308 PNE Processus Plainte

Making a report

A report, which anyone can make, is possible only if it concerns sexual violence[1] against a student who attends an educational institution.

Such a report is made directly to the Regional Student Ombudsman, omitting the first two steps, by:

–听 a teacher
–听 a non-teaching professional staff member
–听 a member of the executive staff of an educational institution
–听 other students or one of their parents
–听 etc.

The person who makes the report may choose the form of communication that best suits him or her among the following:

Reports are fast-tracked. The information that could serve to identify the person who makes the report is kept confidential, unless the person鈥檚 consent has been given. If required by law, the Regional Student Ombudsman discloses the person鈥檚 identity to the Director of Youth Protection.

Regional Student Ombudsmen may also, on their own initiative, process cases of sexual violence.

Protection against reprisal

The Act respecting the National Student Ombudsman protects against reprisal people who, in good faith, make a report or file a complaint, cooperate in the processing of a report or complaint or accompany a person who makes a report or files a complaint.

It is also prohibited to threaten to retaliate against a person to dissuade him or her from filing a complaint or making a report.

It is also prohibited to threaten to retaliate against staff members of an educational institution who make a report or cooperate in the examination of a complaint or report.

[1] “The concept of sexual violence refers to any form of violence committed through sexual practices or by targeting sexuality, including sexual assault. It also refers to any other misconduct, including that relating to sexual and gender diversity, in such forms as unwanted direct or indirect gestures, comments, behaviours or attitudes with sexual connotations, including by a technological means.” For further information about acts of sexual violence, see the Government of Qu茅bec page on the .